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Welcome to the Gurteen Knowledge Log for 2016. See the side panel for other years.

In this blog I write about items of interest that I have found on the web, experiences or insights that I think you will find useful mainly but not strictly limited to the area of Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning.

Like the rest of my site - it an eclectic mix.

If you like the blog you may wish to subscribe to my newsletter where I collate my best blog posts from the month plus other material and distribute it my email monthly.

Or you may subscribe to the RSS feed for this blog here: RSS feed for Gurteen Knowledge Log

Thursday 17 November 2016

15:01 GMTPermanent link to #Knowledge is not power. So what is power?# Knowledge is not power. So what is power? - Comments

It is often said that knowledge is power , but this is a misperception.

Knowledge is knowledge. Power is power.

Michael Schrage puts it well here:
I think "knowledge management" is a bullshit issue.

Let me tell you why.

I can give you perfect information, I can give you perfect knowledge and it won't change your behavior one iota.

People choose not to change their behavior because the culture and the imperatives of the organization make it too difficult to act upon the knowledge.

Knowledge is not the power. Power is power. The ability to act on knowledge is power.

Most people in most organizations do not have the ability to act on the knowledge they possess.

End of story.


There is more than enough knowledge in this world but so many of those who have it - do not have the power to act.

So how is such power gained?

13:09 GMTPermanent link to #Upcoming Knowledge Events# Upcoming Knowledge Events - Comments

Here are some of the major KM events taking place around the world in the coming months and ones in which I am actively involved. You will find a full list on my website where you can also subscribe to both regional e-mail alerts and RSS feeds which will keep you informed of new and upcoming events.

KM Asia 2016
30 Nov - 01 Dec 2016, Hong Kong, China

OEB 2016
30 Nov - 02 Dec 2016, Berlin, Germany

KM Legal Europe 2017
18 - 19 Jan 2017, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Advancing your OD practice
24 - 25 Jan 2017, Henley on Thames, United Kingdom

IntraTeam Event Copenhagen 2017
28 Feb - 02 Mar 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark

Henley Forum Annual Conference 2017
01 - 02 Mar 2017, Henley on Thames, United Kingdom

The Wheels of Knowledge Management
07 - 09 Mar 2017, Melbourne and Canberra, Australia

9th European Conference on Intellectual Capital
06 - 07 Apr 2017, Lisbon, Portugal

5th International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship 2017
26 - 27 Apr 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

KM UK 2017
14 - 15 Jun 2017, London, United Kingdom

4th European Conference on Social Media
03 - 04 Jul 2017, Vilnius, Lithuania

13:08 GMTPermanent link to #Is "useless knowledge" useless?# Is "useless knowledge" useless? - Comments

Is "useless knowledge" useless?

A strange sort of question don't you think?

But this is what the British philosopher Bertrand Russell has to say in a little book of essays titled Let the People Think.

"Perhaps the most important advantage of 'useless' knowledge is that it promotes a contemplative habit of mind."

And he tells this short story
Curious learning not only makes unpleasant things less pleasant, but also makes pleasant things more pleasant. I have enjoyed peaches and apricots more since I have known that they were first cultivated in China in the early days of the Han dynasty; that Chinese hostages held by the great King Kanisaka introduced them into India, whence they spread to Persia, reaching the Roman Empire in the first century of our era; that the word "apricot" is derived from the same Latin source as the word "precocious" because the apricot ripens early; and that the A as the beginning was added by mistake, owing to a false etymology. All this makes the fruit taste much sweeter.


Yes, at one level it is useless knowledge, you can do little with it but as he says it makes the apricot taste that much sweeter. Does it do that for you? It does for me.

So is it so useless? Stopping, thinking, reflecting and contemplating about the world and enjoying or being disgusted with its flavours can rarely be a waste of time.

09:14 GMTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: November 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: November 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Thursday 27 October 2016

10:59 GDTPermanent link to #Numeracy and literacy are important but what about oracy?# Numeracy and literacy are important but what about oracy? - Comments

The other morning in the shower, I was reflecting on the UAEs reading initiative.

I could not help but wonder if the ability to hold a good conversation was as important as being able to read well. And so I asked myself the question "Is conversation as important as reading?" or "Is the love of conversation as important as the love of reading?"

Of course, we need both, and in many ways, they are equally important in life but if that is the case why is so much emphasis attached to reading and writing - so-called literacy. In school, once we have learned the four basics of language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing - the educational focus tends to be on reading and writing. In fact, listening and speaking are not really taught in schools they are more absorbed than taught and what teaching does take place is by our parents.

I suspect the focus on literacy, more than anything else, is for the purpose of being examined on what we have been taught. It is far, far easier to test someone's knowledge by getting them to answer written questions or writing an essay than having a conversation about what they know. Being taught to listen and to speak well, in other words, hold a conversation, in its various forms such as discussion, dialogue, and debate don't get much of a look-in. in our exam-obsessed educational systems.

But think about it - in our adult lives which is more important? In the home and in the office which is the more important life skill? The ability to read, the capacity to write or the ability to hold a good conversation? As very young children, when we are learning the basics, doesn't listening and speaking naturally come first? Isn't the ability to hold a good conversation the foundation of literacy? Shouldn't more focus be placed here?

Well, I went to Google and Googled something like "Is conversation more important than reading?". And I discovered something quite fascinating - a new word - oracy - well at least to me and my spell checkers, though if you are in Education you well be familiar with the term.

The concept of ‘oracy' was coined as recently as 1965, by the researcher Andrew Wilkinson to give the subject of ‘speaking and listening' more gravitas. So to numeracy and literacy, we need to add oracy.

  • numeracy: the ability to understand and work with numbers.

  • literacy: the ability to read and write.

  • oracy: the ability to express oneself in and understand spoken language.


09:46 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: October 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: October 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Wednesday 26 October 2016

09:42 GDTPermanent link to #Knowledge principles for government# Knowledge principles for government - Comments

It is tremendous to see a resurgence in KM in UK Government in the form of a set of Knowledge Principles.

This set of knowledge principles has been designed by Knowledge and Information Management (KIM) practitioners in government to assist their colleagues in developing strategies and plans to improve how knowledge is shared in their departments.

Knowledge is not information, although information management principles may be applied to captured knowledge. Knowledge capture, however, must not be seen as synonymous with, or a substitute for, a holistic knowledge management programme.

Knowledge is the sum of experience, training, insight and education and is tacit, whereas information is tangible, captured, manipulated in information systems and subject to further interpretation.

And a recognition that KM is different from IM. I have a lot of my own to say about this.

This looks like a great step forward but I have a nagging concern. It is one thing for a working group to craft a document defining Knowledge Principles but how many people actually read it and understand it and of those, how many will actively engage with the ideas and put them into action.

I always feel that documents, like this. on their own achieve very little. An additional second step is needed.

What I would like to see now is a series of Knowledge Cafés being run across Government in all sorts of ways to allow people to engage with the principles and bring them to life.

This may be happening but I doubt it, though I'd love to hear that I am wrong :-)

Writing a document is the relatively easy bit, engaging people is the challenge!


Friday 30 September 2016

09:06 GDTPermanent link to #In the future, will everything be a coffeeshop?# In the future, will everything be a coffeeshop? - Comments

In the future, will everything be a coffee shop?. Universities? Bookstores? Retail Stores? Offices?

Note that like the coffeehouses of 17th century London, that even today coffee shops are more than just places to drink coffee. They are places to meet, to read, to study, to work, to hold meetings, to have conversations and more.

What do you think?


Tuesday 27 September 2016

15:53 GDTPermanent link to #The dangers of anonymity# The dangers of anonymity - Comments

There are several ways in which we express our ideas or have discussions while hiding who we are.

Many on-line discussion forums allow us to post anonymously or to give a false name and we can frequently express our opinions anonymously in surveys or interviews.

We employ these techniques for seemingly good reason. If we are introverted or lack confidence in our beliefs; they allow us to speak up without fear of judgment or personal criticism.

And in fear of the consequences, they potentially make it possible to be more truthful by saying things that others might not wish to hear.

But anonymity has a serious downside as it encourages us:
  • to be less authentic
  • to avoid intimacy
  • to avoid building relationships
  • to lie rather than tell the truth
  • to avoid confrontation
  • to be nasty and vindictive (think internet trolls)

But worst of all, it allows us to avoid conversation.

I don't want my views challenged.

I want to have my say, but I don't want to hear what you have to say.

It's about monologue, not dialogue.

Anonymity kills the conversation.

11:50 GDTPermanent link to #World Values Day 20th October 2016# World Values Day 20th October 2016 - Comments

World Values Day is coming up on 20th October and will be the first truly international World Values Day.

The objective of the Day is to raise and deepen the awareness and practice of values all around the world. Positive values that is :-)

The day will provide an opportunity to think about our most deeply held values and to act on them. If we are aware to our values and put them into action each and every day, we can change our lives and change the world we live in.

See the World Values Day website for information on events and activities taking place around the world as well as many useful tools and resources that can help in exploring our own values and those of our organisations and communities.

And if you are in London on the 20th then come along to my World Values Day Café in the evening where the subject of the conversation will be "Putting our values into action - why is it so hard?" It's free.

11:39 GDTPermanent link to #The last of human freedoms# The last of human freedoms - Comments

In 1989, I first read Stephen Covey's The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People and he introduced me to the life and work of Viktor Frankl.

Viktor Frankl was an internationally renowned psychiatrist. In 1946, he wrote the book Man's Search for Meaning.

In his book, he begins with a deeply moving personal account of his imprisonment in Auschwitz and other concentration camps during the Second World War, and his struggle during that time to find reasons to live.

In the second part of the book called "Logotherapy in a Nutshell," he describes the psychotherapeutic method that he pioneered as a result of his experiences in the concentration camps.

At the core of Logotherapy is his belief that man's primary motivational force is a search for meaning.

One sentence in the book stood out for me:

The last of human freedoms - the ability to chose one's attitude in a given set of circumstances.

Credit: Viktor E. Frankl

Stephen Covey expresses the concept a little more fully:
In the space between stimulus (what happens) and how we respond, lies our freedom to choose.

Ultimately, this power to choose is what defines us as human beings.

We may have limited choices, but we can always choose.

We can choose our thoughts, emotions, moods, our words, our actions; we can choose our values and live by principles.

It is the choice of acting or being acted upon.

Credit: Stephen R. Covey

This idea that we have the ability to chose our response to any stimulus in any set of circumstances has had a huge shaping influence on me over the years and I have tried to abide by the philosophy. Not always successfully I might add.

And then much more recently, I came across the work of Peter Block. Peter in his book Community: The Structure of Belonging says this:

The real task of leadership is to confront people with their freedom.

Credit: Peter Block

Peter's ideas have been very much influenced by the work of Peter Koestenbaum

To my mind, we are all leaders to one degree or another, and so it's the task of each and every one of us to remind each other of our freedom to choose not only how we respond to situations but:
  • who we are
  • what we think
  • what we do
  • and how we go about it




Monday 26 September 2016

15:33 GDTPermanent link to #Decisions Are Emotional, Not Logical# Decisions Are Emotional, Not Logical - Comments

Neuroscience is throwing more and more light on our true nature as human beings and has the potential to dramatically transform the way we see the world.

This is an interesting article about decision making and the research that confirms what I suspect most of us have intuited for a long time - decisions are emotional - not logical.

Think of a situation where you had bulletproof facts, reason, and logic on your side, and believed there was absolutely no way the other person could say no to your perfectly constructed argument and proposal.

To do so would be impossible, you figured, because there was no other logical solution or answer.

And then the other person dug in his heels and refused to budge. He wasn't swayed by your logic. Were you flabbergasted?




Tuesday 30 August 2016

16:18 GDTPermanent link to #The Myth of Thamus and Theuth# The Myth of Thamus and Theuth - Comments

Have you ever considered the invention of writing to have been a bad thing?
But Thamus replied that, as the “father of writing,” Theuth's affection for writing had kept him from acknowledging the truth about writing.

In fact, Thamus asserted, writing increases forgetfulness rather than memory.

Instead of internalizing and understanding things, students will rely on writing as a potion for reminding.

Moreover, students will be exposed to many ideas without properly thinking about them.

Thus, they will have an “appearance of wisdom” while “for the most part they will know nothing” (Phaedrus, 275a-b).

...

Socrates used the illustration to point out that writing alone has no understanding of itself and “continues to signify just the same thing forever” (Phaedrus, 275d-e).

Nor does it discern its audience nor offer self explanation. Socrates instead favoured conversation, “the living, breathing discourse of a man who knows, of which the written one can be fairly called an image” (Phaedrus, 276a)


Think again - what a fascinating view point of Socrates :-)

15:46 GDTPermanent link to #Why we need to talk# Why we need to talk - Comments

Problems in organizations tend to get labelled as lack of information.

It feels more professional to try to solve a knowledge management problem that is called lack of information than a problem that is called confusion.

The same event means different things to different people and just getting more information will not help them.

Credit: Esko Kilpi

In this article by Esko Kilpi he explains why we need to talk - not because we lack information but to resolve ambiguity and confusion.

12:36 GDTPermanent link to #What is the meaning of Shared Meaning?# What is the meaning of Shared Meaning? - Comments

As I write my blook and research and reflect on various topics, I frequently need to think through and define what things mean to me:
  • What is leadership?

  • What is meant by "shared meaning"?

  • What is the difference between responsibility and accountability and how do they relate to commitment?

  • What is a complex adaptive problem?

  • What is meant by serendipity?
Some of these are not easy questions and I find myself drafting something and then leaving if for weeks, if not months and continually returning to iteratively refine my definition and thinking and tinkering with it over a period of time until I am happy. Well at least, happy-ish - my blook will always be in perpetual beta :-)

Here are my current thoughts on shared meaning - a phrase bandied about a lot but rarely defined.

Let me know what you think, is this what it means to you or have I missed something?

10:56 GDTPermanent link to #There is Something Different in London# There is Something Different in London - Comments

If you live in London or visit occasionally, I think you may love this website: Something Different in London.

The aim of the site is to provide a platform for you to discover new and exciting things to do in London, geared towards alternative and unusual experiences, which as a general rule, don't cost a fortune.

It's an amazing website put together by two of my children - my twins Jonathan and Sally Gurteen (they are in their 30s now - so no longer children) who live and work in the Capital.

Even if you never get to London, take a look - its amazing the quirky things you can find to do in a large metropolis.

I have not visited it yet but this is one of my favourite places Board game cafe.



10:00 GDTPermanent link to #Legal KM Mini-Interviews with Ginevra Saylor# Legal KM Mini-Interviews with Ginevra Saylor - Comments

eClerx Services in India have been conducting mini-interviews with KM experts from across the world for the last few years. Take a look at their YouTube Channel.

They have recently added a number of interviews to their video library focusing on KM in law firms, in a series of short Q&A clips with Ginevra Saylor, head of KM at Denton's.

If you delve back 6 years ago you will even find a few interviews with me :-)


Monday 26 September 2016

09:43 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: September 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: September 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Tuesday 23 August 2016

14:45 GDTPermanent link to #Seth Godin thinks compliance is quite different from contribution# Seth Godin thinks compliance is quite different from contribution - Comments

I think I have said it before, I love Seth Godins blog. His posts are frequent, short and insightful.
Organized bureaucracies thrive on compliance. It makes it easier to tell people what to do .

But contribution is the only way that tribes thrive, the best way to make change happen and the essence of being part of a community.

It's a shame that we spend so much time teaching our children (and our employees) to comply. Far better to seek out contribution instead.

Credit: Seth Godin

This recent post resonates so strongly with me that I have included it in my blook in a post Create ownership - not buy-in.

12:09 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: August 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: August 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Wednesday 27 July 2016

15:06 GDTPermanent link to #Do noise and distractions boost your creativity?# Do noise and distractions boost your creativity? - Comments

When I used to code and had to focus, I needed a quiet room without interruptions but today when I write far more than I code, I find that working in a coffee-shop is more conducive to my thinking and writing.

I have often commented or reflected on this phenomenon and recently tripped over some research that shows that the background noise of a coffee shop may be helping to boost my creativity.

There is even a website Coffitivity that recreates the ambient sounds of a café supposedly to boost your creativity and help you work better. Give it a whirl and see if it works for you - not so sure it does for me - it just gets annoying after a few minutes :-)

But I think there is more to the café environment than just the noise of the background chatter - it's the distractions of people as they come and go that seem to inspire me. Being highly social, I like to take the opportunity to strike up a conversation with someone - often not for long, but long enough, for my mind, to relax and change state so that when I return to my writing, I see things in a new light. I like to be able to observe and interact with people as and when I choose.

So I thought I would Google to see if there was any research to support the idea that distractions boosted creativity and sure enough there was: Inspired by Distraction; Mind Wandering Facilitates Creative Incubation and here too The Right Distractions Can Boost Creativity.

Though maybe I could find research to support any hypotheses I might have :-)

But seriously, I think there is a great deal in this and I think the distractions of the noise and bustle and social interaction of a Knowledge Café have a positive impact on the conversations and the creativity of the people taking part. There is some research to support this also.

I am always on the lookout for research concerning conversation - do let me know if you are aware of any.

09:28 GDTPermanent link to #Blending online and face-to-face conversation# Blending online and face-to-face conversation - Comments

I have talked in the past about telepresence and beaming into a Knowledge Café and also looked at some spectacular Kinect based technology were the user is able to see and talk to people inside another room via an interactive 3D display.

I have yet to experiment with any of this technology myself but I just spotted that Etienne and Beverly Wenger-Trayner having been doing some very interesting work in blending online and face-to-face conversation.

And none of this is using expensive or exotic technology, just everyday stuff such as laptops, smartphones, Skype and Whatsapp.

Take a look, you may well be able to use some of these ideas in your own workshops and get-togethers.




Tuesday 26 July 2016

17:18 GDTPermanent link to #NYC Knowledge Cafe# NYC Knowledge Cafe - Comments

When I first began to run my regular evening Knowledge Cafés in London back in September 2002, I also started to run them in one or two other locations around the world.

The one in Adelaide, Australia is still running but has metamorphosed into the Adelaide KM Group.

And the one in NYC stopped operating a few years back - well until now - it has been resurrected thanks to Suzanne Roff-Wexler and Sharon Gai.

The next Café is on August 3rd. So if you live in the NYC area - try to get along - I am sure you will have a great evening :-)

There is also a Knowledge Café in Hong Kong run by Maria Leung. It is not one of my Gurteeen Knowledge Cafés and the topics and format are not quite the same but if you like interesting conversations - take a look.

10:26 GDTPermanent link to #Downoad a copy of Shawn Callahan’s new book Putting Stories to Work for free.# Downoad a copy of Shawn Callahan’s new book Putting Stories to Work for free. - Comments

For a very limited time you can download a copy of Shawn Callahan's new book Putting Stories to Work for free with absolutely no strings attached.

This is an amazing offer from Shawn. Get in here quick - I don't know how long the offer will last :-)

Or if you wish, you can buy a paperback version on Amazon. Also, check out the great reviews.

10:12 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: July 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: July 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Thursday 30 June 2016

09:05 GDTPermanent link to #Serendipity Café# Serendipity Café - Comments

I am always looking for ways to experiment with different formats of my Café.

Some of you may be familiar with the Café Debate format that I trialed recently at the KM Legal Conference in London. It was a big success.

And then there was the series of three Cafés I ran at St Ethelburga's in the City late last year entitled Do your little bit of good which worked well but not quite as well I had hoped.

You also may be aware of the Randomised Coffee Trials I am running in London to bring people together random to have coffee with each other once a month.

There is also my Espresso Café - a Café that can be run in 30 minutes which I had hoped to run at KM UK but because of illness had to drop out at the last minute. Ian Rodwell of Linklaters ran a slightly modified version that I am told went well.

But for a long time now I've had the idea of what I call a Serendipity Café in my head.

Unlike my regular Cafés, in a Serendipity Café there is not be a speaker and a single conversational theme. I am looking to create an environment where people can have a multitude of short conversations with lots of different people about all sorts of random things and see what emerges.

I haven't quite figured out the precise format yet, but my current thinking is this:

Each participant brings along one object with them. The object could be a book it could be a piece of jewellery, a toy, a magazine article, an ornament, a photograph or a clipping from a newspaper. Anything that appeals to them but ideally something personal that has a story attached to it in some way. Something to talk about. Something that the individual feels passionate about.

After an initially extended round of speed conversations the participants each take a few seconds to say a few words and thus share their object with the room. Maybe I should call it a "show and tell" café. LOL People then continue the networking style conversations in twos or threes where they talk about the objects they have bought along to the event.

Finally, as with my regular Cafés, everyone comes together at the end to share the insights they have gleaned from the conversations and any serendipitous events that have resulted in their going away with something unexpected from the Café.


That's the idea! All a bit of an experiment. I am running one in London on the 5th July.

I'll let you know how it goes :-)

08:34 GDTPermanent link to #Conversare Events in Adelaide and London# Conversare Events in Adelaide and London - Comments

My good friend Alan Stewart has a similar passion to me for hosting interesting conversations and organises events called Conversare which he started running in Hong Kong several years ago and now runs regularly in Adelaide Australia. This is how Alan describes his events:

The name Conversare (pronounced conversari) comes from the Latin: to turn or to dance together. Conversare events are social gatherings in public places in which participants converse – talk well to each other. There is a host who co-creates with those present an ambiance in which everyone feels welcome, included and ready to participate in face to face conversation.

The purpose is to have safe, friendly contexts in which all who come – whatever your background – quickly feel welcome and at ease. With a setting which is gentle and accepting, by the end your fellow participants don't feel like strangers at all.

A central feature is engaging, in pairs, in one to one conversation with a stranger. Everyone in the room does the same; everybody participates fully. Not knowing anything about this person means having to be aware of how to question, listen and contribute appropriately. Doing this often leads to the finding that, no matter who the person is, the pair have much in common even though their personal histories may be quite different.

And so here is an opportunity to meet others who have different life experiences, lifestyles and fascinating stories to share; people who know something you don't know. There can be totally unexpected outcomes – learnings and insights! – from doing this.

Developed firstly in Hong Kong these new kind of social gatherings are now being held regularly in the Adelaide Central Market after trading hours on weekday nights.

These events can be held in diverse places such as cafes, restaurants, bars, hotels, community centers … Being public places means that anybody is welcome to participate. And it is not necessary to know any of the people present before coming to join in.

In our modern, complex, and often quite fragmented lives, there is little opportunity to have satisfying conversations other than with people we already know. And many find it very difficult to meet new people in ways which may lead to satisfying friendships.

The events are for people who yearn to be heard and to listen to stories of lived experience which they could not have imagined. They bring attention to people that there are now places in which these happen

Credit: Conversare

They are similar to Theodore Zeldin's Conversation Dinners but without the conversation menu. You can learn more about them here.

Alan Stewart will be in the UK in July. So what better opportunity to hold one in London for my Knowledge Community. Alan will be hosting the evening and If you love the idea as much as I do then come along on the 19th July and enjoy the conversation. It may well be the first of many such Conversare Cafés in London :-)

And if London is a tad too far for you - why not get in touch with Alan and talk about running one yourself. Or take part in one of his events in Adelaide if that is any closer for you :-)




Wednesday 29 June 2016

15:44 GDTPermanent link to #The Huawei Break the Book Community# The Huawei Break the Book Community - Comments

In November 2015, I gave a talk at KM Asia (a large annual Knowledge Management conference) on Conversational Leadership in Hong Kong. One of my fellow speakers was Frankie Lai, a Knowledge Manager at Huawei Technologies Co. – the world's largest telecom equipment and solution provider, based in Shenzhen City, China.

As part of his presentation, Frankie talked about the Huawei Break the Book Community or BBC for short - a form of book discussion club.

It is such a simple but powerful example of peer learning that has so much in keeping with the principles of the Knowledge Café and what I call a Reading Group Café that I asked if I could interview him by email and document in detail the background and philosophy to the Huawei BBC and how it was run. This is the recent interview with him.


Take a good hard look at this, it is something that you could so easily implement in your own organization.

11:48 GDTPermanent link to #Unhurried Conversations# Unhurried Conversations - Comments

I talked recently about Johnnie Moores Unhurried Conversations but since then came across Dean Emily-Chamlee Wright at Washington College describing the importance of unhurried conversations in this short video. There is a webpage here too.

The most powerful part of a liberal arts education is found in a single, unfettered conversation between a teacher and a student.

It means understanding that sometimes the most significant part of an education is found beyond the classroom.

These unhurried moments are what we delight in sharing with each other, where we explore the ideas and experiences that excite our minds.


It's a powerful but simple idea.Why not give some thought to convening some yourself?



10:07 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: June 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: June 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Tuesday 31 May 2016

10:40 GDTPermanent link to #Buying second hand books in mint condition# Buying second hand books in mint condition - Comments

A few months back I ordered a second hand book from America via Amazon that was out of print. It took some weeks to arrive but it was in near mint condition at a fraction of the original price.

So a week or so ago, rather than ordering new copies of three books I wanted again via a Amazon I decided to buy them second hand. This time I ordered them from 3 separate UK suppliers to ensure I did not need to wait so long.

They all arrived within a few days and without exception they are as good as new. I could afford to buy them new - but why should I? In fact, it means I will buy more books :-)

I bought a few Kindle books a year or so back that in retrospect I wish I had bought as hardcopy. I may just go back and order them - second hand of course :-)

And the books:

09:29 GDTPermanent link to #FUD is a good thing# FUD is a good thing - Comments

FUD – fear uncertainty and doubt. No, not the marketing sort of FUD but the kind of stuff in your head whenever change takes place.

It is OK to fear and question things. Having doubts and reservations is OK. It is a natural part of the thinking, reflection and commitment process.

Every new endeavour starts this way. If it doesn't then, the chances are that something is terribly wrong.

The last thing we should do is to stifle these thoughts. It is essential they are expressed openly. They should be actively solicited.

Coercing people to agree or to commit is one of the many destructive things we do to each other.

Expressing our true feelings is the start of a conversation that leads to ownership and commitment.
If we cannot say "no" then "yes" has no meaning.

Credit: Peter Block



Friday 27 May 2016

17:53 GDTPermanent link to #Conversation is hard# Conversation is hard - Comments

"I'm afraid the senior managers in my organisation have got no interest in conversation. They see it as far too soft."

How many times have I heard that comment or something similar? Far too often, I am sorry to say.

I have a different perspective. Paradoxically, I think conversation isn't soft; I believe that it's extremely hard.

It is hard in two ways:

First, it's hard to convince people of the power of conversation. Such difficulty is not too surprising as few of us have experienced the types of compelling conversations that make a difference in our organizations.

Managers think they need to be seen to talk tough and argue and debate things and conversation or dialogue is soft and wooly. How many times do you hear that something needs to be debated, but you rarely hear that we need to have some creative dialogue?

We need both – dialogue and debate. Each has its place.

Second, conversation is hard in that it creates some solid outcomes. Making a decision may seem like a hard result. And of course, it is. But what if that decision is flawed. It's a hard outcome but a bad one. Now imagine a conversation that helps a group of people make sense of a situation and thus put them in a better position to make an improved decision.

Is this outcome – “improved understanding”- soft or is it hard? It's hard of course! Conversation is anything but soft and wooly.

16:45 GDTPermanent link to #If history could be folded, where would you put the crease?# If history could be folded, where would you put the crease? - Comments

I walked past Southwark Tube Station during the week and could not miss this work of art - a huge eye level bill board that said:

"If history could be folded, where would you put the crease?"

What an amazing question! Where would you put the crease? Would you crease it vertically, horizontally or diagonally? Are there other ways of creasing it?

When designing my Knowledge Cafés, I often wonder what it is that makes a really good provocative question and I am trying to write something on the subject but I feel there is a "secret sauce" that I have yet to discern.

But this question, seems to hold out a clue. Is it something to do with metaphor?

15:41 GDTPermanent link to #Johnnie Moore Johnnie Moore's Unhurried Conversations - Comments

I love this idea from Johnnie Moore on unhurried conversation and an update here and may well experiment with it in one of my future Knowledge Cafés.

The idea is amazingly simple but at the same time powerful. In Johnnies's words:

"We invite up to 12 people via MeetUp. We don't specify a topic, rather letting people talk about whatever they want. Apart from briefly describing our idea, we use one very simple device to support the conversation.It's a talking piece. We pick an object and whoever holds it gets to talk. And everyone else listens. Which means the speaker won't get interrupted. (And I add that you can hold the object and not speak… you can hold silence until you're ready to speak.)"

And a comment of his:

"After lots of these conversations, I am appreciating more and more how surprising people can be, given a bit of space to think and express themselves. Conversations are rich and complex, with much less of the battling for attention we often experience."

Taking the time to have slow meandering, reflective conversations is never a waste of time. It's an investment in building relationships and all sorts of amazing insights and ideas can surface from them that are unlikely to be gleaned in any other way.

And I am totally with Johnnie, when he says we need less flip charts and post-it notes and other bells an whistles when facilitating such conversations. If anything worth noting or following through on surfaces it will get followed up on naturally. All the usual workshop paraphernalia just gets in the way of the conversation.

12:31 GDTPermanent link to #Call for book chapters on Organizational Learning# Call for book chapters on Organizational Learning - Comments

Idongesit Williams and a colleague Albert Gyamfi are editing a book titled "Evaluating Media Richness in Organizational Learning". The publisher of the book is IGI Global and is due by March 30th, 2017.

See the call for chapter proposals.

The deadline for submitting the proposal has been extended to the 20th June, 2016.

10:43 GDTPermanent link to #Cafe Debate Feedback# Cafe Debate Feedback - Comments

I ran a Knowledge Café Debate at the KM Legal UK conference in London a few weeks back. The debate format is still a bit of an experiment and so I was delighted with the feedback. Carol and Claire my two debaters did a fantastic job!
Many thanks again for your participation in the recent KM Legal UK event.

Please find your speaker feedback below. Overall speaker average was 5.8. 12:15 – David Gurteen, Gurteen Knowledge Community
Carol Aldridge, Burges Salmon
Claire Stripp, Browne Jacobson

Presentation style - 6.4/7
Content - 6.1/7

Comments
  • Thought-provoking and stimulated good debate.
  • Great, very interactive.
  • This was fun – and a good opportunity to share and chat with others.
  • Very good; well-structured, good presentations, thought-provoking discussion.
  • Excellent presentation/debate style, dynamic. Topic to be discussed could be less determined (i.e. difficult to argue ‘against').
  • Loved this session, really effective.
  • Another of my favourite sessions, entertaining and genuinely got us talking amongst the room and meeting others.
  • Liked the interactivity of the format.
  • Really enjoyed this – a bit of fun and meant the audience mixed which was very useful from a networking point of view.
  • Very engaging style. Felt having two debaters with opposing views gave the right environment in which to contribute freely. Credit to the debaters too - they were excellent.
But this piece of feedback hit me the most - the debate format seems to help reduce social silencing.
David's Knowledge Café, rather than just bringing up a topic for discussion, began with a debate.

The two excellent debaters provided polar opposite views on the topic as a starting point for a larger discussion.

These views, I felt, established the environment for the larger discussion – encouraging honest and more provoking conversation than expected.

It effectively gave permission for us all to push the boundaries, and feel safe to do so.

Personally, I felt more confident to offer left-field views to the group than I would have done during a normal conference discussion.

Credit: Andrew Pope, Consulting Partner, Innosis
Andrew, wasn't the only one to comment on this. I am going to experiment more in light of this feedback.

09:52 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: May 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: May 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Thursday 28 April 2016

15:35 GDTPermanent link to #Henley Forum: Advanced Course in Knowledge Management# Henley Forum: Advanced Course in Knowledge Management - Comments

I have been a "friend" of the Henley Forum for Organisational Learning and Knowledge Strategies (known as the Henley Forum) since its inception in 2000..

It has done some great work over those years - some of it published freely online. Take a look at their Knowledge in Action series of leaflets for example (over 30 of them) such as this one on Evaluating communities of practice: adopting learning-oriented approaches - really good, useful material if you are working in KM or even if you are not!

They also run an annual conference and regular workshops. Most of these events are only open to members but increasingly they are making a small number of places available to non-members.

They have a 2-day Advanced Course in Knowledge Management facilitated by Dr Christine van Winkelen coming up in July. for example. I often get people asking me where they can find a really good Knowledge Management course and this is one - go take a look.

12:43 GDTPermanent link to #Espresso Café and Café Debate# Espresso Café and Café Debate - Comments

I am often asked to host a Knowledge Café as part of a conference. To run a good Café, ideally, I need two hours but I can run them in an hour at a pinch. But I have never tried to run one in less - until now that is.

I have come up with the idea of an "Espresso Café" - one that can be run in as little as half-an-hour. I will be trying it out for the fist time at Knowledge Management UK 2016 in London in June. I have been taking part in this conference for more years than I care to remember. It's an excellent conference - take a look if you are not already registered. Paul Corney and Nick Milton are among the speakers.

And then Café Debates, I have talked about them in the past. I am delighted to be running one at KM Legal UK 2016 in London in May. The motion, I think is an interesting one:

"This Café believes that legal KM can only be successful if embedded in the organizational culture."

I have found two eager debaters to debate the motion and then we will open things up to Café style conversation. If you work in the legal sector, take a look at the rest of the agenda, the conference has a great line up of speakers and topics. I am looking forward to this one!

11:17 GDTPermanent link to #Humble Inquiry is the first and most important step in building any kind of relationship# Humble Inquiry is the first and most important step in building any kind of relationship - Comments

Some people seem to think that Knowledge Management is dying or has died but it hasn't - it is alive and well. One of the reasons for this misconception is that so much that falls in the realm of Knowledge Management masquerades in another form or under another name.

Humble Inquiry - a term invented by Edgar Schein is one such example.

Edgar has written a book on the subject Humble Inquiry: The Gentle Art of Asking Instead of Telling and you will find a substantial excerpt of it online.

Quite simply, in Edgar's words, "Humble Inquiry is asking the question to which you already don't know the answer, bolstered by an attitude of inquiry, an attitude of interest in the other person, a curiosity."

He goes on to say that "And the importance of that very curiosity, that interest in the other person, is precisely why Humble Inquiry is the first and most important step in building any kind of relationship, whether you are just making a new friendship or wooing a girl or trying to talk to a team-mate on a more personal basis. It should usually almost always start with some form of Humble Inquiry."

Watch this video, where Edgar explains what it is all about, and notice this is not just at the heart of KM but about face-to-face conversation and relationship building - something that Conversational Leadership is all about too :-)

It keeps bringing me back to the words of Peter Block:
We must establish a personal connection with each other.

Connection before content.

Without relatedness, no work can occur

Credit: Peter Block



10:09 GDTPermanent link to #Henry Mintzberg Henry Mintzberg's TWOGS - Comments

I am a great fan of Hentry Mintzberg and subscribe to his TWOGS.

He writes some entertaining and interesting blog posts such as this one Ye gods: an efficient orchestra!

And this is one of my all time favourite quotes from his work.

An enterprise is a community of human beings, not a collection of "human resources".


If you are not familiar with his work - check him out - he is one of the more insightful business and management academics. You can also follow him on Twitter.

09:29 GDTPermanent link to #Tripp Crosby ... has joined the meeting# Tripp Crosby ... has joined the meeting - Comments

What do you think of conference calls? Love them? Hate them?

This conference call in real life, I think, will have you rolling in the floor in laughter :-)



08:49 GDTPermanent link to #The world presented to us by our perceptions is nothing like reality# The world presented to us by our perceptions is nothing like reality - Comments

I have a degree in physics but my scientific life is long ago in my past.

But I try to keep up with scientific thinking and still regularly read New Scientist.

As I get older, I become more and more curious about the world, why we are here and the nature of reality. Maybe more philosophical questions than scientific ones LOL.

I have long suspected that we have got reality all wrong. That there is something fundamental we are missing that what we see is some sort of mirage. But these are just idle thoughts of mine, I am no expert in the matter.

And then this morning I came a across this article The Evolutionary Argument Against Reality and the thinking of the cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman. I must admit I don't fully understand all of what he has to say but he has seriously provoked my thinking about reality. This sentence especially so:

"It's not that there's a classical brain that does some quantum magic. It's that there's no brain!"

What are we really? Does it matter? Take a look, in some ways it is a little scary :-)


Tuesday 26 April 2016

08:25 GDTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: April 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: April 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Tuesday 29 March 2016

13:24 GDTPermanent link to #A Cafe Debate is a powerful way of triggering deeper conversations# A Cafe Debate is a powerful way of triggering deeper conversations - Comments

Although the context for a Knowledge Café conversation is usually set by a single speaker giving a short talk and posing a question there are a number of other approaches – a Café debate is one of them.

In a Café debate, the context is set by two people (or more) debating opposing views on a topic – the motion of the debate - that also forms the Café question. The Café then proceeds as normal and concludes in a vote being taken.

This goes a little bit against the philosophy of the Café as some people may hold on to fixed views in order to “win” the debate but this style of Café can be great fun if people do not take it too seriously and are prepared to “win” or “lose”.

The value is not in the outcome but in the conversations that are held at the tables and the insights into the issue that are gleaned by the participants.

I have run Cafés like this in the past but more recently I ran one at an open Knowledge Café at BAE Systems in Farnborough and I am hoping to run one at KM Legal UK 2016 in London in May. I just need to find a hot topic and two good debaters!

They work well - see here to learn more about the process.

11:36 GDTPermanent link to #Time Chasm# Time Chasm - Comments

My good friend John Hovell popped around for a cup of tea the other day and during our conversation explained a fascinating concept of his that had been lying dormant in his head for the past few years. Our conversation reawakened it and having walked home he shot a little video where he describes it.

It's a strange two-by-two matrix for reflecting on the world in the context of time, where both axes are on the surface identical, that he calls Time Chasm. It takes a little bit of getting your head around. Take a look and see what you make of it. The video is only 5 minutes long.



10:37 GDTPermanent link to #How to Have a Good Conversation# How to Have a Good Conversation - Comments

I am not a great fan of "10 ways to do something". The items are far too often, trite or just plain wrong.. But take a look at this TEDx talk from Celeste Headlee (@CelesteHeadlee) on How to have a good conversation. It's quite good.

In it she quotes from an article My Students Dont Know How to Have a Conversation by Paul Barnwell (@MindfulStew):

"Conversational competence might be the single-most overlooked skill we fail to teach students."

and

"Is there any 21st-century skill more important than being able to sustain confident, coherent conversation?"

Do you agree with Paul? If it is not conversation, what are the most important skills we sholud be teaching?




Thursday 24 March 2016

16:23 GMTPermanent link to #How to disempower people# How to disempower people - Comments

When we try to empower people - do we inadvertently disempower them?

Just a thought :-)

11:58 GMTPermanent link to #Do we make people dependent?# Do we make people dependent? - Comments

I was talking to someone recently and they told me that although people engaged enthusiastically in the workshops that they organised that when they returned to the office they fell back into their old ways of working and failed to collaborate.

Someone had suggested to her that they did not have sufficient motivation or lacked the time or that it could just be weight of habit and of culture.

But an alternative explanation occurred to me - when you organise events for people - they will usually take part, engage and enjoy but they will never learn to do it for themselves. You make them dependant on you.

I think we need to organise more open space type events where people get to determine what is important to them, what they want to talk about and what they want to do. They take ownership.

We should then join in as an equal participants or get out of the way!


Wednesday 23 March 2016

14:28 GMTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: March 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: March 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Tuesday 23 February 2016

14:41 GMTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: February 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: February 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.

13:58 GMTPermanent link to #Café Debate# Café Debate - Comments

I am still working on my online book (my blook) and adding to it each day and now have over 150 posts. There is still a huge amount of work to do before I make the content generally available but I am opening up certain posts as I go along for comment and feedback. Here is one - it is how to use a debate to trigger a Knowledge Café conversation. I hope you find it useful.

I have run Cafés to this format only a few times in the past but I tried the process again recenlt at one of my recent Farnborough Knowledge Cafés. The two debaters took a more conversationalist approach than a debating one as explained in the post and it worked a treat.

12:12 GMTPermanent link to #Take a Guess: How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth?# Take a Guess: How Many People Have Ever Lived on Earth? - Comments

Have you ever wondered how many human beings have ever lived on earth? Go on take a guess. And what percentage of those people are alive today?

This page on the Population Reference Bureau website does it's best to make a sound estimate and explains the rationale in some detail.

It surprises me just how small the total is and how high the percentage that are alive today.

One sobering fact is that "Life expectancy at birth probably averaged only about 10 years for most of human history." So much for the "good old days".

11:15 GMTPermanent link to #Steve Jobs on "Think Different"# Steve Jobs on "Think Different" - Comments

You may be getting a little bit tired of all the stories and videos posted online about Steve Jobs but I am still enjoying and learning from them

This video is from an Apple "Think Different" - Internal Meeting in September 1997 - just 10 weeks or so after he returned to Apple. What a difference almost 20 years makes!




Friday 19 February 2016

15:18 GMTPermanent link to #Got a meeting? Take a walk.# Got a meeting? Take a walk. - Comments

Next time you have a one-on-one meeting, make it into a “walking meeting”.

Research shows that walking improves your creativity – never mind being good exercise, so take a walk and let ideas flow while you walk and talk.

Nilofer Merchant: Got a meeting? Take a walk.




Tuesday 26 January 2016

16:05 GMTPermanent link to #A Knowledge Cafe for 100 people# A Knowledge Cafe for 100 people - Comments

I promised a detailed description of a Knowledge Café that I ran for Johnson & Johnson in Ireland last November for 100 people - well actually 4 concurrent Cafes in one room.

Here you go. Let me know if I can run one for you :-)



15:33 GMTPermanent link to #Transforming decision making meetings# Transforming decision making meetings - Comments

How many times have you taken part in a meeting to make a decision about an issue where they have been two factions in the room?

The first faction have already made up their minds what the decision should be and see the meeting as a means of coercing the others in the room to agree with them while the second faction wish to explore the issue further before making the decision.

The two groups do battle and it is usually the ones who have made up their minds ahead of time who win. This group tends to comprise the more senior managers, the more dominant characters and those who are used to getting their way.

In my corporate life, I experienced this many times. They were painful affairs.

But it need not be like this. There is a simple solution. Split the meeting into two parts.

The first part is a dialogue: exploring the issues with no predetermined outcome in mind other than to better understand the issues. This can be run as a whole group discussion but is better run to the Knowledge Café format.

The second part is more of a debate: actually making the decision. This can be as passionate and as heated as any meeting where a tough decision needs be taken but the in-depth exploration has been got out of the way.

You go into the fist part saying “We are going to take some time to explore and discuss the issues – to gain a better understanding of the situation. We are not going to make a decision and it is important that everyone's voice is heard”.

You then go into the second part by saying “Look we have spent time exploring the issues, you have all had your opportunity to contribute to the discussion but at the end of the day we need to make a decision. Time for dialogue is over – we must now make a decision.”

The gap between the two meetings could be a tea break or a morning and afternoon session or better still several days where people have the time to have side conversations and explore some of the issues further. It may even make sense to have two or more dialogue sessions if the decision warrants the time taken.

Try it, like here. It is such a simple thing to do.



12:40 GMTPermanent link to #Do you have listening difficulties?# Do you have listening difficulties? - Comments

We all appreciate the benefits of listening such as listening to ignite other people's thinking But most of us are not that good at it.

As Stephen Covey points out we tend to listen with the intent to reply rather than to understand or we fall into the trap of ditting other people's stories or we start to judge or evaluate what they have to say. There are many techniques that we can learn to improve our listening ability such as empathic listening. But there is a fundamental problem with listening that Patrick Callaghan pointed out to me after my recent post on ditting.

Even if we can withhold judgement and although we may be genuinely intent on listening, how ever hard we try to listen, the instant a spark of a response enters our heads we stop listening and start to compose our response silently in our mind. It is hard not to do this, it's a conversation after all and we are afraid that when it comes our turn to speak we will have nothing to say or have forgotten our earlier ideas or that we may be somewhat bumbling in our response if we have not rehearsed it in our heads.

On the surface this may seem like an insurmountable barrier to really listening to someone. But maybe it is easier then we think.

Let go!

Just drop all intention of replying at any point in the conversation and simply listen and when those responses pop into your head ignore them.

Then when there is a pause in the conversation and it makes sense to respond just go with it in real-time.

I realize this takes some confidence and trust that you won't make a bumbling fool of yourself and there may be longer silences between taking turn in the conversation and you may not even get to say much but then you are trying to listen after all. And in any case short periods of silence where everyone can reflect on things can only be good.

10:11 GMTPermanent link to #Ten questions for work that matters# Ten questions for work that matters - Comments

I do love Seth Godin's blog - almost every post is short and a gem. Here is a recent one
Ten questions for work that matters

What are you doing that's difficult?
What are you doing that people believe only you can do?
Who are you connecting?
What do people say when they talk about you?
What are you afraid of?
What's the scarce resource?
Who are you trying to change?
What does the change look like?
Would we miss your work if you stopped making it?
What do you stand for?
What contribution are you making?

Hints: Any question that's difficult to answer deserves more thought. Any answers that are meandering, nuanced or complex are probably a symptom of something important.

Go on - take a moment now - run through the questions in your head and try to briefly answer each one.


Monday 25 January 2016

17:15 GMTPermanent link to #Leave nothing but footprints - don Leave nothing but footprints - don't try to dent the universee - Comments

Dave Winer says Leave nothing but footprints. I've always wanted to help improve the world, so in many ways I disagree with him but I can see where he is coming from. There is an argument that says the Universe is just OK as it as and could not be any other way and that problems only exist in the human mind.

Should I really just try "to do something nice that won't change anything in any lasting way"?

No, I need to try to do more. I may make things worse (in some small way - hard to see I am going to have a big impact for the better or the worse) but is not in me to observe and do nothing.

How do you feel?

16:54 GMTPermanent link to #Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: January 2016# Gurteen Knowledge Tweets: January 2016 - Comments

Here are some of my more popular recent tweets. Take a look, if you are not a Tweeter, you will get a good idea of how I use it by browsing the list of micro-posts.


If you like the Tweets then subscribe to my Tweet stream.


Tuesday 26 January 2016

15:55 GMTPermanent link to #Watch Bowie perfectly predict the internet Watch Bowie perfectly predict the internet's impact on music and society 15 years ago. - Comments

Watch David Bowie in an interview with Jeremy Paxman on BBC Newsnight predict the potential of the internet way back in 1999

"We are living in total fragmentation ..."

"The audience is at least as important as who ever is playing ..."

And in this interview he was as much a philosopher as he was a musician.





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Friday 9 December 2016
03:27 PM GMT